On this day -January 11th.

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On January 11 1922, Leonard Thompson became the first patient with diabetes to receive insulin injections. Having been close to death, Leonard lived for another 13 years.

Insulin was discovered by Frederick Banting and Charles Best in early 1922.

Leonard was drifting in and out of a diabetic coma and weighed only 65 pounds. Leonard's father agreed that his son should be the first to test insulin, which had never been tried on another human being.

After an impure form of insulin failed to improve Leonard's condition initially, a purer version restored his blood glucose levels back to normal and his symptoms began to disappear.

When Leonard was aged 27, 13 years after his first insulin injections, he died of pneumonia, which was thought to be a complication of his diabetes.


1935 Amelia Earhart flies solo from Hawaii to the U.S. mainland
She was the first person to achieve this feat. Her journey took her from Honolulu to Oakland, California.
Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She received the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross for this accomplishment. On July 2, 1937 (aged 39) in the Pacific Ocean en route to Howland Island from Lae, Papua New Guinea she disappeared.


2002 The first prisoners arrive in Guantanamo Bay
Following reports of torture, Amnesty International called the situation at the US detention camp a "human rights scandal".
775 detainees have been brought to Guantanamo. Although most of these have been released without charge, the United States government continues to classify many of these released detainees as "enemy combatants". As of January 5, 2017, 55 detainees remained at Guantanamo.

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